Write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources (i.e., in APA style)

Assignment 1: Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research

Under what conditions would an industrial/organizational (I/O) professional choose a qualitative research method over a quantitative research method when investigating a workplace problem or phenomenon? Support your position with at least two scholarly sources.

To help you organize your notes for this assignment, consider the following chart that provides an overview of differences between quantitative and qualitative research methodologies:

Quantitative Qualitative
Approach Is deductive (primarily) and then inductive Is inductive (primarily) and then deductive
Purpose Tests theories, makes predictions, establishes facts, and tests hypotheses Describes multiple realities, develops a deep understanding, and captures everyday life and human perspectives
Research focus Isolates variables, uses large samples, and collects data using tests and formal instruments Examines the full context, interacts with a limited number of participants, and collects data face-to-face from participants
Research goals
  • Confirms or disconfirms theory
  • Finds central tendency, what is common
  • Tests hypotheses
  • Classifies participants
  • Uses statistics
  • Researches on participants
  • Examines lived experiences
  • Is particular and idiosyncratic
  • Transforms society
  • Empowers participants
  • Has a rich description
  • Researches with and for participants
Research plan
  • Is developed before the study is initiated
  • Is a structured, formal proposal
  • Begins with an initial idea that evolves as the researcher learns more about the participants and setting
  • Is a flexible and tentative proposal
Data analysis Is mainly statistical and quantitative Is mainly interpretive and descriptive
Results presentation Involves a formal writing style and impersonal voice Involves a less-formal writing style and personal voice

Submission Details:

  • By Saturday, January 16, 2016, post your responses in a minimum of 300 words to this Discussion Area.
  • Through Wednesday, January 20, 2016, use the Discussion Area to respond to the submissions by your classmates. Participate in the discussion by asking a question, providing a statement of clarification, providing a point of view with a rationale, challenging an aspect of the discussion, or indicating a relationship between one or more lines of reasoning in the discussion.

All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources.

Your response should rely upon at least two sources from additional professional literature—articles from peer-reviewed journals and relevant textbooks. Write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources (i.e., in APA style); and display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.


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