Why does Socrates argue that oratory is merely a knack, not a craft? What is the difference between a knack and a craft?

  1. Why does Socrates argue that oratory is merely a knack, not a craft?
  2. What is the difference between a knack and a craft?
  3. Why does this matter in today’s world?
  4. Why does Socrates claim that the worst thing a person can experience is to harm an innocent individual, and not be punished?
  5. Why do orators believe they are the most powerful people?
  6. Why do Socrates believe the orators are the least powerful people?
  7. What was the disagreement between Socrates and the orators over whether pleasurable things are always good, or whether unpleasant things are always bad?
  8. What is the meaning of Socrates story about the leaky jar and the sieve?
  9. How did Socrates use the leaky jar story as a metaphor?
  10. Do you think it makes sense to read and think about these ancient words today? Explain
  11. What did Aristotle mean by “Life is not happy because it is pleasant, it is happy because it is good?
  12. Why did Aristotle believe happiness depends on using our rational abilities in accordance with excellence and adhering to moral virtues?
  13. What did Aristotle mean by requiring moderation, “the happy medium”, in all things?
  14. Was Aristotle correct, that every VIRTUE can become a VICE, if taken to extremes? Explain
  15. Why did Aristotle say that JUSTICE is the most important of all virtues?
  16. What is the difference btw DISTRIBUTIVE justice and RECTIFICATORY justice?
  17. How does Aristotle’s emphasis on MODERATION factor into issues of DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE such as employment and educational opportunities of minimum wage laws? What about Bona Fide Occupational Qualifications (BFOQ’s)
  18. How does Aristotle’s MODERATION PRINCIPLE affect distributive and certificatory justice issues such as minimum wage laws?
  19. How should a just society balance principles of equality, merit, and fairness, in deciding questions of equal opportunity or equal results?
  20. What did Aquinas mean by defining “LAW” as “an ordinance of REASON, for the common good, made by one who has CARE of the community, and is PROMULATED”?
  21. What Is a good, practical definition of law?
  22. List as many types of law as you can.
  23. Define what Aquinas intended each of his FOURS kinds of law to mean? (Eternal law, Natural law, Human law, Divine law)
  24. What did Aquinas mean when he said Natural law “seeks that good be done, and evil avoided, and ignorance shunned”?
  25. Was Aquinas correct in believing that NATURAL LAW exists at all, and that it is the same for all people at all times, everywhere? Explain
  26. How do we know what NATURAL LAW allows, requires, or prohibits?
  27. What might NATURAL LAW say about moral ethical legal issues like polygamy, genetically engineered humans, sex-selective abortions, infanticide of “disabled” babies, same-sex marriage, drugs legalization, assisted suicide?
  28. How can we understand ETERNAL LAW? Do we observe any examples of ETERNAL LAW?
  29. How might eternal law relate to the 4 fundamental forces in the universe: gravity, electro-magnetism, strong nuclear force, and weak nuclear force?
  30. How might eternal law explain how ENTROPY is overcome to allow life to evolve from non-life?
  31. Does eternal law have any connection to “dark energy” and “dark matter”? Explain


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