Background: Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is all of the garbage, refuse, trash or junk that gets thrown away from our homes or small businesses. All of this MSW is collected and taken away. Have you wondered where it goes? In the 1950â€™s and 60â€™s it went to open dumps. In the 1970â€™s landfills were established but there were problems, and today there is new legislation and technology to better manage this waste.
For this assignment, you will review the history of MSW.
Describe an open dump. Explain the environmental problems.
Describe an early landfill. What are the problems associated with early landfills? Include a discussion of leachate, methane, incomplete decomposition and settling.
Describe a modern landfill. What are the differences as compared to early landfills? What improvements have been made?
Choose one of these landfills and explain the innovations being implemented to make the landfill more productive and to reduce its environmental impact:
Marionhill Landfill, South Africa