During week 6 we develop the theory and application of capital budget analysis. The theory was robust, the calculations mathematically and logically defined, and many of the real-world problems, likely to be encountered, were addressed. As capital budgeting essentially re-invents the company through major long-term expenditures it is arguably one of the most critical functions that financial management performs. However, based on my personal experiences, extensive empirical data, and antidote data – many firms routinely experience significant failures in their selection of capital projects.
The assignment for this topic consists if two parts:
1) For your first topic in this conference I would like for you to briefly review either your personal experiences and/or the financial literature to identify and present a description of one actual capital project/product failure and the reasons attributed to the failure. For those of you who do not have personal experiences the following are some illustrated examples of failed projects/products over the last 50 years you may want to look up and consider: -New Coke,- The Iridium Satellite Communication,- the Edsel automobile, Beta (vs. VHS), the Concord SST, and various Dot Com. Feel free to research others.
In your response please provide financial information regarding the project (what is available): initial outlay, projected cash flows, final dollar losses.
Remember this is a one to two paragraph exercise – do not go overboard – a few hours research and summation is all that’s required. I am interested only in your short, concise description of the project and the major reasons you believe it failed.
2) Synthesize your one-paragraph position on what 3-5 specific factors you believe most likely to contribute to capital project analysis failure.