Select an ethical decision-making model from those in your readings and apply the model to a minimum of one ethical dilemma you identified in the course scenario.

Read the section Course Case Study below and analyze the behavior of the counselor, as a professional, that you consider unethical or unprofessional. Write a brief summary of the questionable behavior. Substantiate the summary with reasons for your analysis.

Next, identify how the counselor may have been in violation of the ACA Code of Ethics. Give the number and definitions of specific violations and compare these violations to the APA ethical standards.

In relation to these specific violations, describe the similarities or differences in the ACA and APA ethical codes.

Finally, select an ethical decision-making model from those in your readings and apply the model to a minimum of one ethical dilemma you identified in the course scenario.

Your paper should be at least 4 pages long, not counting the title page and the reference page.


Course Case Study



Joe, a thirty-five-year-old, male mental health counselor, received a client referral, thirty-five-year-old Jill,


from a community counseling clinic. He began providing counseling services to her. Jill’s complaint was that


she was unsatisfied with her current job as a bank teller and was experiencing mild anxiety and depression.


Joe had been providing services to Jill for three weeks when she disclosed that she was confused about


her sexuality because she experienced sexual attraction toward some women. Joe immediately responded


to Jill with wide eyes and a shocked look. He told Jill that he was a traditional Catholic, who felt that this


type of feeling was immoral and wrong. He informed her that she should avoid thinking about this and pray


for forgiveness. He also told her that he felt uncomfortable talking about the issue any further. Jill continued


to talk to Joe about dealing with her family issues.


Joe had recently read about a new technique and immediately became excited about trying it. He explained


to her that he had read an article in a magazine about a new technique called rebirthing. The new technique


was being used in Europe to help people change their views about their relationships with their family. Joe


said, “It is supposed to be really effective in almost wiping out your memory of your family; it is like


hypnosis.” “I would really like to try it on you today, what do you think?” Jill declined his offer and continued


to talk about her family. Joe thought to himself that even though Jill said no, he was still going to try to


hypnotize her as they talked because he thought she could benefit from the technique.


Jill disclosed that she was raised in a traditional Asian American home with many cultural influences and


culture-specific rules and behavior. Jill was struggling with balancing her individualism and her cultural


heritage. Joe explained to her that because he was living and working in a rural community, mostly


consisting of people of East European descent, he could not relate to Jill’s culture and the issues with which


she was struggling. He apologized and explained that he was not required to study these cultural issues


because of his geographical location.


Jill moved on to talk about her depression. She began talking about feeling lonely and how it contributed to


her depression. During a counseling session several months later, she revealed that she was attracted to


Joe and would like a closer, intimate relationship with him. Joe, aware that he was also attracted to Jill,


talked about his feelings toward her but explained that engaging in a relationship outside the established


counseling relationship was unethical. He informed her that because of the mutual feelings of attraction, the


counseling relationship would be ineffective and that he would refer her to another counselor for continued


services. Jill agreed, and they terminated the counseling relationship. Later, she contacted him to continue


counseling and to discuss the referral. Joe agreed to meet her that evening at a restaurant and bring her


the referral information. That night they began an intimate sexual relationship.


Joe never got around to providing the referral for Jill even though he was aware of her ongoing state of


depression and anxiety. Joe stopped seeing Jill after a month of intimate sexual encounters. Joe enjoyed


the relationship but felt guilty due to the unethical nature of the relationship. Because of his continued


concern about Jill’s depression, Joe considered going to his current clinical supervisor to discuss the case


but decided against it. This was because he and his supervisor were good friends and he suspected his


supervisor would be hurt by knowing the real reason he had been cancelling get-togethers.


Joe decided to call Jill’s boss at the bank to check on her and see how she was doing. He called her boss


and explained that he had been counseling her for anxiety and depression and wanted to check if she was

feeling fine. Her boss informed Joe that Jill had quit her job and was in the county hospital undergoing


treatment for severe depression. Joe quickly hung up and decided not to call or visit the bank again. After


thinking it over, Joe decided that general counseling might not be for him. He decided to begin marriage


and family therapy. He ordered some business cards and advertised in the yellow pages. He thought, “After


all, I am a mental health counselor, and it can’t be hard to counsel a couple. You don’t need anything


special. I already have one degree, and that’s enough!”

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