role of schooling in American society

Answer the question by using at least 8-10 resources as a reference. The question is: “Discuss the role of schooling in American society and the functions served by schools. For example, you may wish to consider the following questions as you formulate your response: In what ways are or could schools serve as a “great equalizer”? In what ways do they serve to reproduce existing social structures and maintain the status quo within the society? In what ways do schools serve as places in which the tensions of the larger society get played out?”
Use this required reference:

Nieto, Sonia, Affirming Diversity: The Sociopolitical Context of Multicultural Education, Longman Publishers USA, 2011

The Shame of the Nation: The Restoration of Apartheid Schooling in America, 2006

Spring, Joel, Deculturalization and the Struggle for Equality: Brief History of the Education of Dominated Cultures in the United States. 6th ed., McGraw Hill: NY, 2009

Other Reading
Ada, Alma Flor, A Magical Encounter: Latino Children’s Literature in the Classroom, Pearson Education Inc., 2003

Arriaza, G. (2003). Schools, Social Capital and Children of Color. Race, Ethnicity and Education (6)1, 71-93

Banks, James A. and Cherry McGee Banks (Eds), Multicultural Education issues and Perspectives (4th ed.), Allyn and Bacon, 2000

Campbell, Duane E., Choosing Democracy: A Practical Guide to Multicultural Education. Merrill Prentice Hall, All Editions

Espinoza-Herold, Mariella, Issues in Latino Education; Race, School Culture,and the Politics of Academic Success, Pearson Education Group, 2003

Freire, P. (1970). Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Chapter II. New York: Seabury Press

Jaret, C. (1999). Troubled by newcomers: Anti-immigrant attitudes and action during two eras of
mass immigration to the United States. Journal of American Ethnic History,18(3), 9-40.

Jones, Toni Griego, Fuller, Mary Lou, Teaching Hispanic Children, Pearson Education Inc., 2003

Freire, Paulo, Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: Seaburg Press, 1970

Giroux, H.A. & McLaren, P.eds, Critical pedagogy, the State, and Cultural Struggle. Albany:New York: SUNY Press, 1989

Hernandez, Hilda Multicultural Education, A teacher’s Guide to Content and Process. Merrill Publishing Company, 1989,

History-Social Science Curriculum Framework for California Public Schools, K-12.,
California Department of Education, Sacramento, California, 2001

Mohanty, C.T. “On Race and Voice: Challenges for Liberal Education in the 1990s,” Cultural Critique, No. 14, 179-208.

Ovando, C. J. & Collier, V. P. (1998). Bilingual and ESL classrooms: Teaching in multicultural contexts (2nd ed.). N.Y.: McGraw-Hill. Chapter 5, Culture.

Ravitch, D. (1990, Spring) “Diversity and Democracy: Multicultural Education in America,” American Educator, 16-20, 46-48.

Ravitch, D. (1990, February), “What’s at Stake with Multicultural Education in America? Clipboard No. 5, 1-2.

Rosenblum, Karen E., Travis, Toni-Michelle C., The Meaning of Difference, Americanh Constructions of Race,Sex and Gender, ,Social Class, and Sexual Orientation, McGraw Hill, 2000

Rethinking Schools (1997). Funding for Justice: Money, Equity, and the Future of Public Education. Milwaukee, WI: Rethinking Schools.

Tiedt, Pamela and Tiedt, Iris M., Multicultural Teaching, a Handbook of Activities, Information and Resources, 4th ed., Allyn & Bacon, 1995

Tharp, R. G. & Gallimore, R. (1988). Rousing Minds to Life. Teaching, Learning, And Schooling in Social Context. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Responses should be written in proper APA style (using the current edition). Proper grammar, clarity of writing, and references/citations for the claims will be considered for a passing grade (a minimum of 5 citations for the question).

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