Provide a brief description of two universal personality traits.

1: Personality Traits
Research has explored universal and culture-specific personality traits. “The Five-Factor Model,” also known as the “Big Five,” has identified five universal personality traits—openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism (OCEAN). In contrast, the “Five-Factor Theory” (FFT) of personality “suggests that the universal personality traits representing basic tendencies are expressed in characteristic ways; these characteristic ways can be largely influenced by the culture in which one exists” (Matsumoto & Juang, 2008, p. 268). Culture-specific personality traits, expressed by individuals in a certain culture, have also been identified in research.
For this Discussion, review this week’s Learning Resources. Consider the cultural influences on personality development. Think about how culture-specific personality traits might impact the role of the scholar-practitioner working with a client or research population from this culture. Select two cultures and two culture-specific personality traits to use for this Discussion.
With these thoughts in mind:
2) A brief description of two universal personality traits. Then describe two culture-specific personality traits for each of the two cultures you selected. Explain how culture influences personality development. Finally, discern two ways these culture-specific personality traits might impact a scholar-practitioner. Support your responses using the Learning Resources and the current literature.
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Reference:
Matsumoto, D., & Juang, L. (2008). Culture and psychology (4th ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.
2: Identity
There is a great deal of research on individualism versus collectivism to explain the variety of cultural differences that make up a person’s identity. These studies show a variation in communication, expression, perception, and conflict avoidance that has become a framework of cultural theory (Matsumoto & Juang, 2008). Consider your own identity. Would you be the same person if you were raised in a culture that valued the group over the individual (collectivistic culture) or valued independence and the development of the self (individualistic culture)? How does your culture impact your identity?
For this Discussion, review this week’s Learning Resources. Consider the impact of collectivistic and individualistic cultures on identity development.
With these thoughts in mind:
A brief explanation of how a person’s identity may develop differently in a collectivistic versus an individualistic culture. Then explain how your own identity has been impacted by your culture (collectivistic or individualistic). Finally, explain how your identity might differ if you were raised in the other type of culture. Support your responses using the Learning Resources and the current literature.

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