Preparing a paper on Approaches to Leadership

Approaches to Leadership

  1. Under “The Leadership Grid,” the leadership style that’s representative of a leader with low concern for

task accomplishment coupled with a high concern for interpersonal relationships is known as _______


  1. authority-compliance
  2. country-club
  3. team
  4. impoverished
  5. The acquisition of leadership through other people in the organization who support the leader is known

as _______ leadership.

  1. emergent
  2. skill
  3. assigned
  4. positional
  5. The leadership approach that focuses exclusively on what leaders do and how they act is the _______


  1. skills
  2. situational
  3. style
  4. trait
  5. Under “The Leadership Grid,” the leadership style that’s representative of a leader who’s unconcerned

with both tasks and interpersonal relationships is _______ management.

  1. authority-compliance
  2. team
  3. country-club
  4. impoverished
  5. Which leadership approach advocates that leadership actions toward others occur on both a task level

and a relationship level?

  1. Skills
  2. Situational
  3. Style
  4. Trait
  5. Which model was developed to explain the capabilities that make effective leadership possible?
  6. Skills
  7. Style
  8. Situational
  9. Trait
  10. Intellectual ability that’s learned or acquired over time is known as
  11. general cognitive ability.
  12. crystallized cognitive ability.
  13. social intelligence.
  14. trait intelligence.
  15. Understanding the attitude that others have toward a particular problem or solution is known as
  16. perspective taking.
  17. behavioral flexibility.
  18. social intelligence.
  19. problem-solving skills.
  20. The viewpoint that conceptualizes leadership as a property or set of properties possessed in varying

degrees by different people is known as the _______ viewpoint.

  1. style
  2. skills
  3. trait
  4. situational
  5. The insight and awareness into how others in an organization function is known as
  6. perspective taking.
  7. social intelligence.
  8. social flexibility.
  9. social perceptiveness.
  10. The leadership approach that’s used as a model by many training and development companies to teach

managers how to improve their effectiveness best describes the _______ approach.

  1. situational
  2. trait
  3. skills
  4. style
  5. Which of the following is not considered to be a major leadership trait?
  6. Intelligence
  7. Skill
  8. Integrity
  9. Self-confidence
  10. Certain individuals are said to have special innate characteristics that make them leaders according to

the _______ approach of defining leadership.

  1. emergent
  2. trait
  3. style
  4. genetic
  5. What does the style approach to leadership provide?
  6. A list of leadership style elements
  7. A framework for assessing leadership
  8. A refined leadership theory
  9. A detailed road map to successful leadership
  10. Which of the following phrases best describes the skills approach to leadership?
  11. Format for individual goals
  12. Conceptual balance
  13. Prescription for success
  14. Structure for understanding effective leadership
  15. When people look at leadership as a _______, they believe the leader motivates followers to

accomplish more than what is expected of them.

  1. skills perspective
  2. transformational process
  3. personality perspective
  4. orientation process
  5. The capacity to understand people and social systems involves _______ skills.
  6. technical
  7. problem-solving
  8. social judgment
  9. intellectual
  10. The approach that would be used as a template for the design of an extensive leadership development

program is the _______ approach.

  1. style
  2. trait
  3. situational
  4. skills

End of exam

  1. The capacity or potential to influence others is best described as
  2. perspective.
  3. leadership.
  4. power.
  5. coercion.
  6. Which leadership style stresses that leaders must find out about their subordinates’ needs and then

adapt their style to those needs?

  1. Skill
  2. Trait
  3. Situational
  4. Style


Leadership Theories

  1. The leadership theory that best explains why a supervisor is ineffective in a particular position despite

being conscientious, loyal, and hardworking is the _______ theory.

  1. leader-member exchange
  2. path-goal
  3. transformational
  4. contingency
  5. The leadership theory that’s predictive and provides useful information about the type of leadership

that’s most likely to be effective in certain situations is the _______ theory.

  1. path-goal
  2. contingency
  3. LMX
  4. trait
  5. The nature of the vertical linkages that leaders form with their followers is known as the vertical
  6. dyad.
  7. acceptance.
  8. link.
  9. exchange.
  10. The leadership approach that suggests that leaders must choose a leadership style that fits the needs of

their subordinates is the

  1. style approach.
  2. contingency theory.
  3. path-goal theory.
  4. trait approach.
  5. The leadership style that’s associated with a leader who challenges subordinates to perform at their

highest possible level is _______ leadership.

  1. reward
  2. supportive
  3. achievement-oriented
  4. goal
  5. The leadership styles that are described as task motivated and relationship motivated apply to the

_______ theory.

  1. leader-member exchange
  2. path-goal
  3. contingency
  4. trait
  5. An example of the leader-match theory of leadership is the _______ theory.
  6. path-goal
  7. leader-member exchange
  8. contingency
  9. trait
  10. The personality-like measure known as the “Least Preferred Coworker” scale is used to measure

leadership style in the

  1. trait approach.
  2. path-goal theory.
  3. contingency theory.
  4. style approach.
  5. The way in which leaders motivate subordinates to accomplish designated goals best describes the

_______ theory.

  1. trait
  2. LMX
  3. contingency
  4. path-goal
  5. The leadership theory that’s most concerned with styles and situations is the _______ theory.
  6. path-goal
  7. transformational
  8. leader-member exchange
  9. contingency
  10. Interactions within the leader-subordinate relationship that are rule bound are found in the _______


  1. stranger
  2. mature partnership
  3. acquaintance
  4. supervisory
  5. One of the first theories to specify four conceptually distinct varieties of leadership was the _______


  1. path-goal
  2. contingency
  3. LMX
  4. situational
  5. Leaders aren’t effective in all situations under the
  6. contingency theory.
  7. style approach.
  8. trait approach.
  9. path-goal theory.
  10. High-quality leader-member exchanges take place during the _______ phase.
  11. mature partnership
  12. acquaintance
  13. stranger
  14. supervisory
  15. The leadership theory that both describes and prescribes leadership is the _______ theory.
  16. contingency
  17. path-goal
  18. trait
  19. LMX
  20. The leadership theory that’s difficult to use in a given organizational setting due to the quantity of

interrelated assumptions is the ______theory.

  1. path-goal
  2. transformational
  3. contingency
  4. leader-member exchange
  5. The leadership style that attempts to integrate the motivation principles of the expectancy theory into a

theory of leadership is the _______ theory.

  1. contingency
  2. path-goal
  3. LMX
  4. situational
  5. The leadership theory that has not been packaged in a way to be used in standard management training

and development programs is the _______ theory.

  1. leader-member exchange
  2. path-goal
  3. authentic
  4. contingency

End of exam

  1. The testing period between a leader and a subordinate that determines whether the subordinate wishes

to take on more roles takes place in the _______ phase.

  1. supervisory
  2. acquaintance
  3. mature partnership
  4. stranger
  5. Which of the following statements about the contingency theory of leadership is not true?
  6. It requires people to be effective in all situations.
  7. It’s predictive.
  8. It has broadened our understanding of leadership
  9. It’s supported by empirical research.


Advanced Leadership Principles


  1. A special personality characteristic that gives a person superhuman or exceptional powers and is seen in

just a few individuals best describes

  1. charisma.
  2. confidence.
  3. dominance.
  4. strength.
  5. Greater attention is given to the charismatic and affective elements of leadership under _______


  1. team
  2. transformational
  3. transactional
  4. psychodynamic
  5. Bill and Therese are discussing leadership styles. Bill says that servant leadership is where the leaders are

attentive to their followers and put them first. Therese says servant leadership is where the leaders motivate

the followers to their full potential. Who is correct?

  1. Neither is correct.
  2. Both are correct.
  3. Only Therese is correct.
  4. Only Bill is correct.
  5. Which of the following items is not an example of internal leadership actions?
  6. Training
  7. Goal focusing
  8. Facilitating decisions
  9. Advocating
  10. Which of the following items is a strength of the team leadership model?
  11. It has been thoroughly tested.
  12. It’s easy to understand and to apply.
  13. It often addresses specific situations.
  14. It provides a cognitive guide for maintaining effective teams.
  15. A clear vision for the future is provided by _______ leaders.
  16. transformational
  17. team
  18. situational
  19. charismatic
  20. Which of the following is not one of Freud’s three personality types?
  21. Narcissistic
  22. Emotional
  23. Obsessive
  24. Erotic
  25. A pattern of leadership behavior that develops from and is grounded in the leader’s positive psychological

qualities and strong ethics best describes _______ leadership.

  1. transformational
  2. style
  3. authentic
  4. team
  5. An exchange process between leaders and followers in which effort by followers is exchanged for

specific rewards is known as

  1. contingent reward.
  2. reward leadership.
  3. management by reward.
  4. management by exception.
  5. Leaders who may use delegation to help their followers grow through personal challenges provide

_______ motivation.

  1. individualized
  2. idealized
  3. inspirational
  4. intellectual
  5. Which of the following statements is a common criticism of authentic leadership?
  6. Its moral component isn’t fully explained.
  7. It’s too simple in theory.
  8. It’s difficult to measure.
  9. Its guidelines are too broad.
  10. Much of the early research on team leadership was based upon
  11. students who were failing in school.
  12. government employees nearing retirement.
  13. assumptions related to authentic leadership.
  14. collaborative efforts at work and the impact of the human relations movement.
  15. The model of leadership that consists of five fundamental practices that enable leaders to get

extraordinary things accomplished was designed by

  1. Koozes and Posner.
  2. Kuhnert and Lewis.
  3. Bennis and Nanus.
  4. Bass and Avolio.
  5. Which of the following statements illustrates the greatest strength of the psychodynamic approach to


  1. It lends itself to conventional training.
  2. It results in an analysis of the relationship between leaders and followers.
  3. It focuses on the adult ego state.
  4. It’s unlimited in application.
  5. A theory of leadership that’s still in the most formative phase of development is the _________ theory.
  6. transformational
  7. authentic leadership
  8. leader-member exchange
  9. path-goal
  10. Which of the following persons is not a model for transformational leadership?
  11. Saddam Hussein
  12. Mohandas Gandhi
  13. Ryan White
  14. John Taylor
  15. Which of the following items is not an ego state under the concept of transactional analysis?
  16. Parent
  17. Child
  18. Adult
  19. Adolescent
  20. Which type of leadership develops over time and is often triggered by major life events?
  21. Authentic
  22. Transformational
  23. Team
  24. Psychodynamic
  25. Leaders who have very high standards of moral and ethical conduct are able to achieve _______


End of exam

  1. intellectual
  2. individualized
  3. inspirational
  4. idealized
  5. Which of the following characteristics is not a factor that influences authentic leadership?
  6. Hope
  7. Timeliness
  8. Confidence
  9. Optimism



Leadership Issues


1. Ethical theories can be thought of as falling within two broad domains: theories about a leader’s _______

and _______.

A. conduct; character

B. education; skills

C. incentive; approach

D. motivation; results

2. The more ethnocentric a person is, the _______ that person is to other people’s cultural traditions.

A. less aware

B. more tolerant

C. more aware

D. less tolerant

3. What term describes the likelihood that women will be promoted to positions related to risk and


A. Barrier

B. Glass cliff

C. Glass escalator

D. Labyrinth

4. Women are less likely than men to

A. support.

B. mediate.

C. criticize.

D. negotiate.

5. According to the findings of the GLOBE project, which of the following traits is an obstacle to effective


A. Being rude

B. Being disloyal

C. Being asocial

D. Being aggressive

6. Countries that scored high on GLOBE’s dimensions of culture-like assertiveness, in-group collectivism,

and gender egalitarianism, and low on performance orientation are from

A. Eastern Europe.

B. Confucian Asia.

C. Germanic Europe.

D. the Middle East.

7. Women are generally more likely than men to use _______ leadership.

A. supervisory

B. transformational

C. situational

D. military

8. The learned beliefs, values, rules, norms, symbols, and traditions that are common to a group of people

best describe

A. society.

B. ethics.

C. values.

D. culture.

9. Which of the following statements about the glass ceiling metaphor is true?

A. It doesn’t consider enough variables.

B. It implies that everyone has equal access to lower positions.

C. It doesn’t relate well to modern times.

D. It conveys the impression of a journey riddled with challenges.

10. The method of analysis used by GLOBE researchers was the _______ approach.

A. compartmentalized

B. qualitative

C. quantitative

D. data collection

11. The barrier preventing women from ascending into elite leadership positions is commonly referred to as

the glass

A. floor.

B. cliff.

C. wall.

D. ceiling.

12. In comparing leadership styles and effectiveness between men and women, empirical research supports

_______ differences between men and women.

A. three

B. many

C. small

D. two

13. The Southern Asia leadership profile believes _______ leaders are most effective.

A. autocratic

B. self-protective

C. autonomous

D. democratic

14. Which of the following characteristics is not a typical stereotype about women?

A. Concern for others

B. Confidence

C. Sensitivity

D. Helpfulness

15. An example of the effect of cross-pressures on women leaders can be observed in the actions of

A. Eleanor Roosevelt.

B. Hillary Clinton.

C. Angela Merkel.

D. Elizabeth Dole.

16. The Sub-Saharan African leadership profile does not favor leaders who are

A. value-based.

B. individualistic.

C. charismatic.

D. team-oriented.

17. In general, women are less likely than men to

A. direct.

B. delegate.

C. self-promote.

D. criticize.

18. The overall purpose of the GLOBE project is to determine how people from different cultures

A. assumed leadership.

B. viewed gender performance.

C. viewed leadership.

D. enacted leadership.

19. The tendency of individuals to place their own group at the center of their observations of others and

the world is known as

A. cross-cultural awareness.

End of exam

B. globalization.

C. prejudice.

D. ethnocentrism.

20. The origins of the five principles of ethical leadership are traced to

A. Greenleaf.

B. Heifetz.

C. Aristotle.

D. Burns.


Research Project


This two-part essay project will give you the opportunity to

Assess your current leadership skills and describe the type of

Leader that you would like to be in the future.

Part 1: In the first part of the essay, you’ll evaluate you’re

Answers to the “Style Questionnaire” on pages 93–94 of the

Textbook. You must include the following three components

In your essay:


  1. What, in your opinion, are the five most important questions?

In the questionnaire for a leader and why?

  1. What do your task and relationship scores indicate about

Your approach to leadership?

  1. Select three items from the questionnaire and describe

How this course has influenced your views in these areas.


Part 2: In the second part of your essay, you’ll describe the

Kind of leader that you would like to become in the future.

Include the type of employment position that you would like

To obtain and the type of leadership role you would like to I want to be leader that make different in people life. One I would like to be Health administration. For example working board direction.

Perform in that position. Include as many of the following

Concepts in your essay as you deem relevant:

  1. Trait approach
  2. Style approach
  3. Situational approach
  4. Transformational leadership
  5. Team leadership
  6. Culture and leadership
  7. Women and leadership
  8. Leadership ethics


■ you’ve demonstrated a clear understanding of the assignment.

■ you’ve incorporated the suggested concepts into your

Research project.

■ you’ve included other relevant information from the


■ You’ve used your own ideas in the formulation of this project.

Written Communication

■ Each part of the essay is at least 500 words in length.

■ You’ve used correct grammar, sentence structure, and spelling.

■ The terminology you’ve used is appropriate for a research

project of this nature.


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