Prepare the necessary March 31 journal entry to record salaries and wages expense and salaries and wages payable.

*Exercise 10-5

During the month of March, Olinger Company’s employees earned wages of $76,000. Withholdings related to these wages were $5,814 for Social Security (FICA), $8,906 for federal income tax, $3,681 for state income tax, and $475 for union dues. The company incurred no cost related to these earnings for federal unemployment tax but incurred $831 for state unemployment tax.

Prepare the necessary March 31 journal entry to record salaries and wages expense and salaries and wages payable. Assume that wages earned during March will be paid during April. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
Mar. 31
Prepare the entry to record the company’s payroll tax expense. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
Mar. 31

*Exercise 10-8

On August 1, 2014, Ortega Corporation issued $769,200, 8%, 10-year bonds at face value. Interest is payable annually on August 1. Ortega’s year-end is December 31.

Prepare journal entries to record the issuance of the bonds. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
Aug. 1
Prepare journal entries to record the accrual of interest on December 31, 2014. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
Dec. 31
Prepare journal entries to record the payment of interest on August 1, 2015. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
Aug. 1

*Exercise 10-13

Romine Company issued $563,900 of 8%, 10-year bonds on January 1, 2014, at face value. Interest is payable annually on January 1.

Prepare the journal entries to record the issuance of the bonds. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
Jan. 1, 2014
Prepare the journal entries to record the accrual of interest on December 31, 2014. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
Dec. 31, 2014
Prepare the journal entries to record the payment of interest on January 1, 2015. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
Jan. 1, 2015
Prepare the journal entries to record the redemption of the bonds at maturity, assuming interest for the last interest period has been paid and recorded. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
Jan. 1, 2024

*Exercise 10-22

Cole Corporation issued $491,000, 9%, 22-year bonds on January 1, 2014, for $447,932. This price resulted in an effective-interest rate of 10% on the bonds. Interest is payable annually on January 1. Cole uses the effective-interest method to amortize bond premium or discount.

Prepare the schedule using effective-interest method to amortize bond premium or discount of Cole Corporation. (Round answers to 0 decimal places, e.g. 150.)

Interest

Periods

Interest to

Be Paid

Interest Expense

to Be Recorded

Discount

Amortization

Unamortized

Discount

Bond

Carrying Value

Issue date $ $ $ $ $
1
2
Prepare the journal entries to record the issuance of the bonds. (Round answers to 0 decimal places, e.g. 125. Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
Jan. 1, 2014
Prepare the journal entries to record the accrual of interest and the discount amortization on December 31, 2014. (Round answers to 0 decimal places, e.g. 125. Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
Dec. 31, 2014
Prepare the journal entries to record the payment of interest on January 1, 2015. (Round answers to 0 decimal places, e.g. 125. Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
Jan. 1, 2015

*Exercise 10-24

Nance Co. receives $291,700 when it issues a $291,700, 7%, mortgage note payable to finance the construction of a building at December 31, 2014. The terms provide for semiannual installment payments of $15,860 on June 30 and December 31.

Prepare the schedule using effective-interest method to amortize bond premium or discount of Nance Co. (Round answers to 0 decimal places, e.g. 125.)

Semiannual

Interest

Period

Cash

Payment

Interest

Expense

Reduction

of Principal

Principal

Balance

Issue date $ $ $ $
6/30/15
12/31/15
Prepare the journal entries to record the mortgage loan. (Round answers to 0 decimal places, e.g. 125. Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
Dec. 31, 2014
Prepare the journal entries to record the first two installment payments. (Round answers to 0 decimal places, e.g. 125. Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
First Installment Payment
June 30, 2015
Second Installment Payment
Dec. 31, 2015

Broadening Your Perspective 10-1

The financial statements of Tootsie Roll are presented below.

TOOTSIE ROLL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF

Earnings, Comprehensive Earnings and Retained Earnings (in thousands except per share data)

For the year ended December 31,
2011 2010 2009
Net product sales $528,369 $517,149 $495,592
Rental and royalty revenue 4,136 4,299 3,739
Total revenue 532,505 521,448 499,331
Product cost of goods sold 365,225 349,334 319,775
Rental and royalty cost 1,038 1,088 852
Total costs 366,263 350,422 320,627
Product gross margin 163,144 167,815 175,817
Rental and royalty gross margin 3,098 3,211 2,887
Total gross margin 166,242 171,026 178,704
Selling, marketing and administrative expenses 108,276 106,316 103,755
Impairment charges 14,000
Earnings from operations 57,966 64,710 60,949
Other income (expense), net 2,946 8,358 2,100
Earnings before income taxes 60,912 73,068 63,049
Provision for income taxes 16,974 20,005 9,892
Net earnings $43,938 $53,063 $53,157
Net earnings $43,938 $53,063 $53,157
Other comprehensive earnings (loss) (8,740 ) 1,183 2,845
Comprehensive earnings $35,198 $54,246 $56,002
Retained earnings at beginning of year. $135,866 $147,687 $144,949
Net earnings 43,938 53,063 53,157
Cash dividends (18,360 ) (18,078 ) (17,790 )
Stock dividends (47,175 ) (46,806 ) (32,629 )
Retained earnings at end of year $114,269 $135,866 $147,687
Earnings per share $0.76 $0.90 $0.89
Average Common and Class B Common shares outstanding 57,892 58,685 59,425
(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.)
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF

Financial Position

TOOTSIE ROLL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES (in thousands except per share data)

Assets December 31,
2011 2010
CURRENT ASSETS:
Cash and cash equivalents $78,612 $115,976
Investments 10,895 7,996
Accounts receivable trade, less allowances of $1,731 and $1,531 41,895 37,394
Other receivables 3,391 9,961
Inventories:
Finished goods and work-in-process 42,676 35,416
Raw materials and supplies 29,084 21,236
Prepaid expenses 5,070 6,499
Deferred income taxes 578 689
Total current assets 212,201 235,167
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, at cost:
Land 21,939 21,696
Buildings 107,567 102,934
Machinery and equipment 322,993 307,178
Construction in progress 2,598 9,243
455,097 440,974
Less—Accumulated depreciation 242,935 225,482
Net property, plant and equipment 212,162 215,492
OTHER ASSETS:
Goodwill 73,237 73,237
Trademarks 175,024 175,024
Investments 96,161 64,461
Split dollar officer life insurance 74,209 74,441
Prepaid expenses 3,212 6,680
Equity method investment 3,935 4,254
Deferred income taxes 7,715 9,203
Total other assets 433,493 407,300
Total assets $857,856 $857,959
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity December 31,
2011 2010
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable $10,683 $9,791
Dividends payable 4,603 4,529
Accrued liabilities 43,069 44,185
Total current liabilities 58,355 58,505
NONCURRENT LIABILITES:
Deferred income taxes 43,521 47,865
Postretirement health care and life insurance benefits 26,108 20,689
Industrial development bonds 7,500 7,500
Liability for uncertain tax positions 8,345 9,835
Deferred compensation and other liabilities 48,092 46,157
Total noncurrent liabilities 133,566 132,046
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
Common stock, $.69-4/9 par value—120,000 shares authorized—36,479 and 36,057 respectively, issued 25,333 25,040
Class B common stock, $.69-4/9 par value—40,000 shares authorized—21,025 and 20,466 respectively, issued 14,601 14,212
Capital in excess of par value 533,677 505,495
Retained earnings, per accompanying statement 114,269 135,866
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (19,953 ) (11,213 )
Treasury stock (at cost)—71 shares and 69 shares, respectively (1,992 ) (1,992 )
Total shareholders’ equity 665,935 667,408
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity $857,856 $857,959
TOOTSIE ROLL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF

Cash Flows (in thousands)

For the year ended December 31,
2011 2010 2009
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
  Net earnings $43,938 $53,063 $53,157
  Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
    Depreciation 19,229 18,279 17,862
    Impairment charges 14,000
    Impairment of equity method investment
4,400
    Loss from equity method investment
194 342 233
    Amortization of marketable security premiums
1,267 522 320
    Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
    Accounts receivable
(5,448 ) 717 (5,899 )
    Other receivables
3,963 (2,373 ) (2,088 )
    Inventories
(15,631 ) (1,447 ) 455
    Prepaid expenses and other assets
5,106 4,936 5,203
    Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
84 2,180 (2,755 )
    Income taxes payable and deferred
(5,772 ) 2,322 (12,543 )
    Postretirement health care and life insurance benefits
2,022 1,429 1,384
    Deferred compensation and other liabilities
2,146 2,525 2,960
    Others
(708 ) 310 305
  Net cash provided by operating activities 50,390 82,805 76,994
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
  Capital expenditures
(16,351 ) (12,813 ) (20,831 )
  Net purchase of trading securities
(3,234 ) (2,902 ) (1,713 )
  Purchase of available for sale securities
(39,252 ) (9,301 ) (11,331 )
  Sale and maturity of available for sale securities
7,680 8,208 17,511
  Net cash used in investing activities
(51,157 ) (16,808 ) (16,364 )
  CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
    Shares repurchased and retired
(18,190 ) (22,881 ) (20,723 )
    Dividends paid in cash
(18,407 ) (18,130 ) (17,825 )
    Net cash used in financing activities
(36,597 ) (41,011 ) (38,548 )
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (37,364 ) 24,986 22,082
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year 115,976 90,990 68,908
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year $78,612 $115,976 $90,990
Supplemental cash flow information
  Income taxes paid
$16,906 $20,586 $22,364
  Interest paid
$38 $49 $182
  Stock dividend issued
$47,053 $46,683 $32,538
(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.)

Answer the following questions.

What were Tootsie Roll’s total current liabilities at December 31, 2011? (Enter amount in thousands.)

Current liabilities as at December 31, 2011 $

What was the increase/decrease in Tootsie Roll’s total current liabilities from the prior year? (Enter amount in thousands.)

Change in current liabilities $
How much were the accounts payable at December 31, 2011? (Enter amount in thousands.)

Accounts payable $

Broadening Your Perspective 10-2

The financial statements of The Hershey Company and Tootsie Roll are presented below.

THE HERSHEY COMPANY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

For the years ended December 31, 2011 2010 2009
In thousands of dollars except per share amounts
Net Sales $6,080,788 $5,671,009 $5,298,668
Costs and Expenses:
  Cost of sales 3,548,896 3,255,801 3,245,531
  Selling, marketing and administrative 1,477,750 1,426,477 1,208,672
  Business realignment and impairment (credits) charges, net (886 ) 83,433 82,875
    Total costs and expenses 5,025,760 4,765,711 4,537,078
Income before Interest and Income Taxes 1,055,028 905,298 761,590
  Interest expense, net 92,183 96,434 90,459
Income before Income Taxes 962,845 808,864 671,131
  Provision for income taxes 333,883 299,065 235,137
Net Income $628,962 $509,799 $435,994
Net Income Per Share—Basic—Class B Common Stock $2.58 $2.08 $1.77
Net Income Per Share—Diluted—Class B Common Stock $2.56 $2.07 $1.77
Net Income Per Share—Basic—Common Stock $2.85 $2.29 $1.97
Net Income Per Share—Diluted—Common Stock $2.74 $2.21 $1.90
Cash Dividends Paid Per Share:
  Common Stock $1.3800 $1.2800 $1.1900
  Class B Common Stock 1.2500 1.1600 1.0712
The notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements and are included in the Hershey’s 2011 Annual Report, available at www.thehersheycompany.com.
THE HERSHEY COMPANY

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

December 31, 2011 2010
In thousands of dollars
ASSETS
Current Assets:
  Cash and cash equivalents $693,686 $884,642
  Accounts receivable—trade 399,499 390,061
  Inventories 648,953 533,622
  Deferred income taxes 136,861 55,760
  Prepaid expenses and other 167,559 141,132
    Total current assets 2,046,558 2,005,217
Property, Plant and Equipment, Net 1,559,717 1,437,702
Goodwill 516,745 524,134
Other Intangibles 111,913 123,080
Deferred Income Taxes 38,544 21,387
Other Assets 138,722 161,212
    Total assets $4,412,199 $4,272,732
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current Liabilities:
  Accounts payable $420,017 $410,655
  Accrued liabilities 612,186 593,308
  Accrued income taxes 1,899 9,402
  Short-term debt 42,080 24,088
  Current portion of long-term debt 97,593 261,392
    Total current liabilities 1,173,775 1,298,845
Long-term Debt 1,748,500 1,541,825
Other Long-term Liabilities 617,276 494,461
    Total liabilities 3,539,551 3,335,131
Commitments and Contingencies
Stockholders’ Equity:
  The Hershey Company Stockholders’ Equity
    Preferred Stock, shares issued: none in 2011 and 2010
    Common Stock, shares issued: 299,269,702 in 2011 and 299,195,325 in 2010 299,269 299,195
    Class B Common Stock, shares issued: 60,632,042 in 2011 and 60,706,419 in 2010 60,632 60,706
    Additional paid-in capital 490,817 434,865
    Retained earnings 4,699,597 4,374,718
    Treasury—Common Stock shares, at cost: 134,695,826 in 2011 and 132,871,512 in 2010 (4,258,962 ) (4,052,101 )
    Accumulated other comprehensive loss (442,331 ) (215,067 )
      The Hershey Company stockholders’ equity 849,022 902,316
  Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries 23,626 35,285
      Total stockholders’ equity 872,648 937,601
      Total liabilities and stockholders’equity $4,412,199 $4,272,732
THE HERSHEY COMPANY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

For the years ended December 31, 2011 2010 2009
In thousands of dollars
Cash Flows Provided from (Used by) Operating Activities
Net income $628,962 $509,799 $435,994
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided from operations:
Depreciation and amortization 215,763 197,116 182,411
Stock-based compensation expense, net of tax of $15,127, $17,413 and $19,223, respectively 28,341 32,055 34,927
Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation (13,997 ) (1,385 ) (4,455 )
Deferred income taxes 33,611 (18,654 ) (40,578 )
Gain on sale of trademark licensing rights, net of tax of $5,962 (11,072 )
Business realignment and impairment charges, net of tax of $18,333, $20,635 and $38,308, respectively 30,838 77,935 60,823
Contributions to pension plans (8,861 ) (6,073 ) (54,457 )
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects from business acquisitions and divestitures:
Accounts receivable—trade (9,438 ) 20,329 46,584
Inventories (115,331 ) (13,910 ) 74,000
Accounts payable 7,860 90,434 37,228
Other assets and liabilities (205,809 ) 13,777 293,272
Net Cash Provided from Operating Activities 580,867 901,423 1,065,749
Cash Flows Provided from (Used by) Investing Activities
Capital additions (323,961 ) (179,538 ) (126,324 )
Capitalized software additions (23,606 ) (21,949 ) (19,146 )
Proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment 312 2,201 10,364
Proceeds from sales of trademark licensing rights 20,000
Business acquisitions (5,750 ) (15,220 )
Net Cash (Used by) Investing Activities (333,005 ) (199,286 ) (150,326 )
Cash Flows Provided from (Used by) Financing Activities
Net change in short-term borrowings 10,834 1,156 (458,047 )
Long-term borrowings 249,126 348,208
Repayment of long-term debt (256,189 ) (71,548 ) (8,252 )
Proceeds from lease financing agreement 47,601
Cash dividends paid (304,083 ) (283,434 ) (263,403 )
Exercise of stock options 184,411 92,033 28,318
Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation 13,997 1,385 4,455
Contributions from noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries 10,199 7,322
Repurchase of Common Stock (384,515 ) (169,099 ) (9,314 )
Net Cash (Used by) Financing Activities (438,818 ) (71,100 ) (698,921 )
(Decrease) Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents (190,956 ) 631,037 216,502
Cash and Cash Equivalents as of January 1 884,642 253,605 37,103
Cash and Cash Equivalents as of December 31 $693,686 $884,642 $253,605
Interest Paid $97,892 $97,932 $91,623
Income Taxes Paid 292,315 350,948 252,230
TOOTSIE ROLL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF

Earnings, Comprehensive Earnings and Retained Earnings (in thousands except per share data)

For the year ended December 31,
2011 2010 2009
Net product sales $528,369 $517,149 $495,592
Rental and royalty revenue 4,136 4,299 3,739
Total revenue 532,505 521,448 499,331
Product cost of goods sold 365,225 349,334 319,775
Rental and royalty cost 1,038 1,088 852
Total costs 366,263 350,422 320,627
Product gross margin 163,144 167,815 175,817
Rental and royalty gross margin 3,098 3,211 2,887
Total gross margin 166,242 171,026 178,704
Selling, marketing and administrative expenses 108,276 106,316 103,755
Impairment charges 14,000
Earnings from operations 57,966 64,710 60,949
Other income (expense), net 2,946 8,358 2,100
Earnings before income taxes 60,912 73,068 63,049
Provision for income taxes 16,974 20,005 9,892
Net earnings $43,938 $53,063 $53,157
Net earnings $43,938 $53,063 $53,157
Other comprehensive earnings (loss) (8,740 ) 1,183 2,845
Comprehensive earnings $35,198 $54,246 $56,002
Retained earnings at beginning of year. $135,866 $147,687 $144,949
Net earnings 43,938 53,063 53,157
Cash dividends (18,360 ) (18,078 ) (17,790 )
Stock dividends (47,175 ) (46,806 ) (32,629 )
Retained earnings at end of year $114,269 $135,866 $147,687
Earnings per share $0.76 $0.90 $0.89
Average Common and Class B Common shares outstanding 57,892 58,685 59,425
(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.)
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF

Financial Position

TOOTSIE ROLL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES (in thousands except per share data)

Assets December 31,
2011 2010
CURRENT ASSETS:
Cash and cash equivalents $78,612 $115,976
Investments 10,895 7,996
Accounts receivable trade, less allowances of $1,731 and $1,531 41,895 37,394
Other receivables 3,391 9,961
Inventories:
Finished goods and work-in-process 42,676 35,416
Raw materials and supplies 29,084 21,236
Prepaid expenses 5,070 6,499
Deferred income taxes 578 689
Total current assets 212,201 235,167
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, at cost:
Land 21,939 21,696
Buildings 107,567 102,934
Machinery and equipment 322,993 307,178
Construction in progress 2,598 9,243
455,097 440,974
Less—Accumulated depreciation 242,935 225,482
Net property, plant and equipment 212,162 215,492
OTHER ASSETS:
Goodwill 73,237 73,237
Trademarks 175,024 175,024
Investments 96,161 64,461
Split dollar officer life insurance 74,209 74,441
Prepaid expenses 3,212 6,680
Equity method investment 3,935 4,254
Deferred income taxes 7,715 9,203
Total other assets 433,493 407,300
Total assets $857,856 $857,959
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity December 31,
2011 2010
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable $10,683 $9,791
Dividends payable 4,603 4,529
Accrued liabilities 43,069 44,185
Total current liabilities 58,355 58,505
NONCURRENT LIABILITES:
Deferred income taxes 43,521 47,865
Postretirement health care and life insurance benefits 26,108 20,689
Industrial development bonds 7,500 7,500
Liability for uncertain tax positions 8,345 9,835
Deferred compensation and other liabilities 48,092 46,157
Total noncurrent liabilities 133,566 132,046
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
Common stock, $.69-4/9 par value—120,000 shares authorized—36,479 and 36,057 respectively, issued 25,333 25,040
Class B common stock, $.69-4/9 par value—40,000 shares authorized—21,025 and 20,466 respectively, issued 14,601 14,212
Capital in excess of par value 533,677 505,495
Retained earnings, per accompanying statement 114,269 135,866
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (19,953 ) (11,213 )
Treasury stock (at cost)—71 shares and 69 shares, respectively (1,992 ) (1,992 )
Total shareholders’ equity 665,935 667,408
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity $857,856 $857,959
TOOTSIE ROLL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF

Cash Flows (in thousands)

For the year ended December 31,
2011 2010 2009
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
  Net earnings $43,938 $53,063 $53,157
  Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
    Depreciation 19,229 18,279 17,862
    Impairment charges 14,000
    Impairment of equity method investment
4,400
    Loss from equity method investment
194 342 233
    Amortization of marketable security premiums
1,267 522 320
    Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
    Accounts receivable
(5,448 ) 717 (5,899 )
    Other receivables
3,963 (2,373 ) (2,088 )
    Inventories
(15,631 ) (1,447 ) 455
    Prepaid expenses and other assets
5,106 4,936 5,203
    Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
84 2,180 (2,755 )
    Income taxes payable and deferred
(5,772 ) 2,322 (12,543 )
    Postretirement health care and life insurance benefits
2,022 1,429 1,384
    Deferred compensation and other liabilities
2,146 2,525 2,960
    Others
(708 ) 310 305
  Net cash provided by operating activities 50,390 82,805 76,994
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
  Capital expenditures
(16,351 ) (12,813 ) (20,831 )
  Net purchase of trading securities
(3,234 ) (2,902 ) (1,713 )
  Purchase of available for sale securities
(39,252 ) (9,301 ) (11,331 )
  Sale and maturity of available for sale securities
7,680 8,208 17,511
  Net cash used in investing activities
(51,157 ) (16,808 ) (16,364 )
  CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
    Shares repurchased and retired
(18,190 ) (22,881 ) (20,723 )
    Dividends paid in cash
(18,407 ) (18,130 ) (17,825 )
    Net cash used in financing activities
(36,597 ) (41,011 ) (38,548 )
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (37,364 ) 24,986 22,082
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year 115,976 90,990 68,908
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year $78,612 $115,976 $90,990
Supplemental cash flow information
  Income taxes paid
$16,906 $20,586 $22,364
  Interest paid
$38 $49 $182
  Stock dividend issued
$47,053 $46,683 $32,538
(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.)

NOTE 6—OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE), NET:

Other income (expense), net is comprised of the following:

2011 2010 2009
Interest and dividend income $1,087 $879 $1,439
Gains (losses) on trading securities relating to deferred compensation plans 29 3,364 4,524
Interest expense (121) (142) (243)
Impairment of equity method investment. _ _ (4,400)
Equity method investment loss (194) (342) (233)
Foreign exchange gains (losses) 2,098 4,090 951
Capital gains (losses) (277) (28) (38)
Miscellaneous, net 274 537 100
$2,946 $8,358 $2,100

As of December 31, 2009, management determined that the carrying value of an equity method investment was impaired as a result of accumulated losses from operations and review of future expectations. The Company recorded a pre-tax impairment charge of $4,400 resulting in an adjusted carrying value of $4,961 as of December 31, 2009. The fair value was primarily assessed using the present value of estimated future cash flows.

Based on the information contained in these financial statements, compute the current ratio for 2011 for each company.(Round answers to 2 decimal places, e.g. 15.25.)

Hershey Tootsie Roll
Current ratio : 1 :1
Based on the information contained in these financial statements, compute the following 2011 ratios for each company.(Round answers to 1 decimal places, e.g. 15.2% or 15.2 times.)

(1) Debt to assets.
(2) Times interest earned. (Hershey’s total interest expense for 2011 was $94,780,000. See Tootsie Roll’s Note 6 for its interest expense.)
Hershey Tootsie Roll
Debt to assets % %
Times interest earned times times

*Problem 9-7A

In recent years, Farr Company has purchased three machines. Because of frequent employee turnover in the accounting department, a different accountant was in charge of selecting the depreciation method for each machine, and various methods have been used. Information concerning the machines is summarized in the table below.

Machine
Acquired
Cost
Salvage 

Value

Useful Life 

(in years)

Depreciation

Method

1 Jan. 1, 2012 $122,000 $32,000 9 Straight-line
2 July 1, 2013 98,000 11,600 5 Declining-balance
3 Nov. 1, 2013 76,280 6,280 6 Units-of-activity

For the declining-balance method, Farr Company uses the double-declining rate. For the units-of-activity method, total machine hours are expected to be 35,000. Actual hours of use in the first 3 years were: 2013, 840; 2014, 4,790; and 2015, 6,330.

Compute the amount of accumulated depreciation on each machine at December 31, 2015.

MACHINE 1
MACHINE 2
MACHINE 3
Accumulated Depreciation at December 31
$
$
$
If machine 2 was purchased on April 1 instead of July 1, what would be the depreciation expense for this machine in 2013? In 2014?

2013
2014
Depreciation Expense
$
$

*Problem 10-9A

Wempe Co. sold $3,425,000, 9%, 10-year bonds on January 1, 2014. The bonds were dated January 1, 2014, and pay interest on January 1. The company uses straight-line amortization on bond premiums and discounts. Financial statements are prepared annually.

Prepare the journal entries to record the issuance of the bonds assuming they sold at: (1) 105 and (2) 95. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

No.
Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
1. 1/1/14
2. 1/1/14
Prepare amortization tables for issuance of the bonds sold at 105 for the first three interest payments.

Annual

Interest

Periods

Interest to

Be Paid

Interest Expense

to Be Recorded

Premium

Amortization

Unamortized

Premium

Bond

Carrying Value

Issue date $ $ $ $ $
1
2
3

Prepare amortization tables for issuance of the bonds sold at 95 for the first three interest payments.

Annual

Interest

Periods

Interest to

Be Paid

Interest Expense

to Be Recorded

Premium

Amortization

Unamortized

Premium

Bond

Carrying Value

Issue date $ $ $ $ $
1
2
3
Prepare the journal entries to record interest expense for 2014 under both of the bond issuances assuming they sold at: (1) 105 and (2) 95. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

No.
Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
1. 12/31/14
2. 12/31/14
Show the long-term liabilities balance sheet presentation for issuance of the bonds sold at 105 at December 31, 2014.

WEMPE Co.

Balance Sheet (Partial)

December 31, 2014

$
$

Show the long-term liabilities balance sheet presentation for issuance of the bonds sold at 95 at December 31, 2014.

WEMPE Co.

Balance Sheet (Partial)

December 31, 2014

$
$

*Problem 10-13A

Grace Herron has just approached a venture capitalist for financing for her new business venture, the development of a local ski hill. On July 1, 2013, Grace was loaned $242,000 at an annual interest rate of 8%. The loan is repayable over 5 years in annual installments of $60,610, principal and interest, due each June 30. The first payment is due June 30, 2014. Grace uses the effective-interest method for amortizing debt. Her ski hill company’s year-end will be June 30.

Prepare an amortization schedule for the 5 years, 2013–2018. (Round answers to 0 decimal places, e.g. 125.)

Period
Cash

Payment

Interest

Expense

Principal

Reduction

Balance
July 1, 2013 $ $ $ $
June 30, 2014
June 30, 2015
June 30, 2016
June 30, 2017
June 30, 2018 *

Amount may be off due to rounding.

Prepare all journal entries for Grace Herron for the first 2 fiscal years ended June 30, 2014, and June 30, 2015. (Round answers to 0 decimal places, e.g. 125. Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
July 1/13
June 30/14
June 30/15
Show the balance sheet presentation of the note payable as of June 30, 2015. (Hint: Be sure to distinguish between the current and long-term portions of the note.) (Round answers to 0 decimal places, e.g. 125.)

GRACE HERRON

Balance Sheet (Partial)

June 30, 2015

$
$
FRS 10-4

Ratzlaff Company issues €2 million, 10-year, 8% bonds at 97, with interest payable on July 1 and January 1.

Prepare the journal entry to record the sale of these bonds on January 1, 2014. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when the amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
Jan. 1
Assuming instead that the above bonds sold for 104, prepare the journal entry to record the sale of these bonds on January 1, 2014. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when the amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Debit
Credit
Jan. 1
 
Copyright © 2000-2016 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. or related companies. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 2000-2016 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. or related companies. All rights reserved.

 

Copyright © 2000-2016 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. or related companies. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 2000-2016 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. or related companies. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 2000-2016 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. or related companies. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 2000-2016 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. or related companies. All rights reserved.
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