How were spectator sports important in the Roman Empire?

  1. Explain how the Muslim conquests between 600-900 CE changed Western Europe?

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10 points

Question 2

  1. What was the first information technology?





2 points

Question 3

  1. How were spectator sports important in the Roman Empire?

    It created a culture based on gambling

    It allowed Roman engineers to practice making bigger and better structures

    It provided a way to keep people happy and distracted

    Sports were central to religious worship

2 points

Question 4

  1. In what ways did the Hindu, Buddhist, and Confucian belief systems prevent exploration and conquest by powerful Chinese and Indian societies?

    These religions did not believe in money

    They put little emphasis on conquest or conversion

    Disruption by Huns and other tribes kept their focus internal

    The west had already explored the world

2 points

Question 5

  1. How did Roman “democracy” during the Republic, and Athenian “democracy” differ?

    Athenians let all citizens vote while Rome let had Senators to represent the people.

    Roman government was built on the military while Athens was built on philosophy

    Athenians gave citizens a vote on laws but Roman laws were made by the Consuls.

    Since Rome borrowed most of Greek thoughts and philosophy, both governments were largely the same.

2 points

Question 6

  1. What made the ancient civilization of the Egyptians so stable?

    Their religion gave the Egyptians a system of control

    The Nile River valley is surrounded by oceans and desert

    They maintained a powerful army at all times

    They had very little trade with the outside world

2 points

Question 7

  1. What was the difference between the Mongol and the Muslim contributions to western society? What are some examples?

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10 points

Question 8

  1. Why did the ancient civilization of the Indus Valley invent the “caste system”?

    To separate people between pure Indians and other groups

    To ensure that people were always under control

    The Hindu religion demanded it

    It was devised under the influence of the Greeks

2 points

Question 9

  1. What were the two largest effects of the Neolithic Revolution on early societies?

    Religion and Warfare

    Cities and Trade

    Population Growth and New Social Roles

    Philosophy and Roads

2 points

Question 10

  1. Why was the movement of Greek art from idealism to realism important to Western individualism?

    It depicted people and events as unique

    It made art more believable

    The Athenians made it law through democratic voting

    It was influenced by outside cultures

2 points

Question 11

  1. What was the Buddhist and Hindu concept of “Karma”?

    The thought that “what goes around, comes around”

    The never-ending cycle of birth and rebirth

    That all actions must be reconciled until all was in balance

    The concept of civil justice

2 points

Question 12

  1. What were “the Four Vedas”?

    A set of four beliefs that were critical to Hinduism

    A set of four oral traditions, eventually written down, that form the Hindu religious texts

    The primary four cities of the Indus Valley

    The collective name of the four river based civilizations

2 points

Question 13

  1. What were the Caliphs? How did they determine the split in Muslim beliefs?

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10 points

Question 14

  1. What was the Chinese concept of the “Mandate of Heaven”?

    A politico-religious belief demonstrating that a person held rule because of the consent of heaven

    The belief that China held a special place in heaven over any other peoples of the Earth.

    The idea that the will of the people was written in heaven by the gods

    A religious belief stating that people could not go to heaven unless they supported their ruler.

2 points

Question 15

  1. How did Judaism demonstrate a Western individualism in its belief?

    Because it made everyone accountable to their king

    It believed in a savior or “messiah”

    It believed that God has a personal relationship with each person

    It created a strong society where each person had a distinct role

2 points

Question 16

  1. What caused the rise of the first religions?

    As a way to explain events an uncertain world

    A method was needed to control people

    Because beliefs in god are central to civilization

    There needed to be a social rank between farmers and nobles

2 points

Question 17

  1. What made Judaism unique in the ancient world?

    The Hebrews believed they were special

    The building of temples

    The belief in only one all-powerful God (monotheism)

    The Ten Commandments

2 points

Question 18

  1. What were the advantages that India had in the creation of business systems?

    Location, location, location,

    Mathematics, location, and collectivist beliefs

    Advanced shipbuilding and cartography

    Use of western currency and ideas

2 points

Question 19

  1. How did Europeans respond to Islamic control of the “Holy Land” and what was the effect?

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10 points

Question 20

  1. When Rome fell in 410 CE, it was only in the west; the eastern Roman Empire lasted for another 1,000 years. What were they called?

    The Eastern Romans

    The Orthodox Church

    The Byzantines

    The Constantines

2 points

Question 21

  1. What two civilizations are best understood by dividing their history into ruling dynasties?

    Maya and Rome

    Greece and Rome

    China and India

    Egypt and China

2 points

Question 22

  1. How was writing important to the development of civilizations?

    It allowed thoughts and records to be transmitted over a distance

    It created more effective governments through writing the laws

    It allowed for more stable economies with a means for counting taxes and trade

    All of the above

2 points

Question 23

  1. What did the Greek and Roman Epicureans believe was the primary path to truth?

    Harmony with Nature


    Being less emotional

    Every truth is true with evidence

2 points

Question 24

  1. What things did eastern religions have in common?

    A focus on ethical behavior

    Individual actions placed in context of the good of a group

    Stable belief system that survived political changes

    All of the above

2 points

Question 25

  1. How did the “Black Plague” move from China through Asia to Europe?

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10 points

Question 26

  1. What was Athenian Greek “Democracy”?

    All citizens could vote on laws for the city-state

    Citizens would vote for representatives that voted on laws for the city-state

    A system of two factions that would debate and vote on laws for the city-state

    A form of government where citizens distributed goods to other citizens

2 points

Question 27

  1. Why were the early civilizations in Mesopotamia so unstable?

    They never mastered effective government

    The religion was corrupt

    Farming could not feed everyone

    The land was not defensible against invasion

2 points

Question 28

  1. How did the Roman Empire ensure the spread and survival of Christianity and Judaism?

    Persecution, tolerance, and dispersion throughout the empire

    Making religious tolerance the law

    Pitting Christians and Jews against each other

    Forcing Christians and Jews to live in the countryside

2 points

Question 29

  1. What was the “censor” in early Chinese governments?

    The person who made edits to royal laws and decrees

    A philosopher that held rulers accountable to the “All-Under-Heaven”

    A person who critiqued rulers to ensure their practices were good for society

    The person who made sure that all music and art was within government rules

2 points

Question 30

  1. How did Western ideals spread from Greece throughout Asia

    A – From the distribution of the writing of Greek philosophers

    B – As a result of the conquests of Alexander the Great

    C – As a result of trade, communication, and colonization between Greece and the India, Asia, Africa, and Europe

    Both B and C

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