Form a discussion about the bases upon which such belief was built and its impact on the forgery of traditions.

Please select only 3 of the 5 questions.

Please select the 3 questions you can answer accurately.

Please answer the question directly first, and then elaborate.

Please italicize all arabic words

This is a course in Islamic Studies, so please see these are written from an Islamic perspective

Activity 10.1: Rejecting Hadīth as a Source of Islam
The Sunni scholars believe in two sacred sources of Islam: the Qur’ān and hadÄ«th. Similarly, the Shi‘ah scholars based their doctrine on the Qur’ān and hadÄ«th whose knowledge was descended from a specific path, the Imams and specific group of Companions. Following the forgery of hadÄ«th, a certain viewpoint posed the Qur’ān as the sole source of Islam; that contrasts the idea that the Muslims must hold on to both the Qur’ān and hadÄ«th. Discuss the bases of this idea by consulting Kassim Ahmad, HadÄ«th: A Re-Evaluation, Chapter V:

Activity 10.2: Debate about a Supposed Forged Tradition
Some Orientalists believed that Ibn Shihāb al-Zuhrī had falsified the famous tradition about the pilgrimage to the three mosques of Mecca, Madina, and Jerusalem. Discuss this hypothesis and revaluate it; then provide an evidence to support the opposite hypothesis. Consult Motzki, Hadith, pp. 16-24.

Activity 10.3: Fabricated Traditions
The fabricated traditions can be identified in several ways. Present an argument why the following traditions were considered to be fabricated. Consult Kamali, A Textbook of Hadith Studies, pp. 76-79.

"The ark of Noah circumambulated the Ka‘bah seven times and then prayed two units (rak‘ah) of salāh at the end."
"The offspring of zinā shall not enter Paradise down to seven generations."
"The lifespan of the world is 7,000 years."
"When someone conveys to you my hadīth which is in conformity with the truth, follow it even if I have actually not said it."
Sa‘d b. Mu‘ādh and Mu‘āwiyah related that "the Prophet imposed the jizyah (poll tax) on the Jews of Khaybar and relieved them of hardship (prospects of war)."

Activity 10.4: Moral Character of the Companions
The moral character of the Companions (‘adālat al-sahābah) is a controversial theme among Sunnah and Shi‘ah scholars. Form a discussion which includes both views and evaluate their different arguments. Consult Brown’s Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought, pp. 85-87, Juynboll. Muslim Tradition, pp. 190-196, Sahih al-BukhārÄ«, to make the heart tender (al-riqāq), traditions 584, 585, 586, 592:



Activity 10.5: Hadīth Abrogation and Hadīth Forgery
The occurrence of abrogation in the hadīth has been established on different bases. Consult al-Kulaynī, ‘Usūl al-Kāfī, Chapter 21:

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