Finish each of the following statements with the best match from the list to the right.

Question 15 pt

Finish each of the following statements with the best match from the list to the right. Some answers will be based on our class discussion, and others can be found in the readings for the first week of class.

The word “philosophy” comes from a Greek word meaning love of _______.

An example of a normative/prescriptive subject other than morality is _______.

The branch of philosophy devoted to the study of knowledge is _______.

According to Aristotle, the highest good is _______.

According to Kant, the only morally worthwhile motivation is _______.

The branch of philosophy referred to as ethics is devoted to the study of _______.

Utilitarianism is a moral philosophy primarily interested in _______.

Often referred to as the founder of western philosophy, Plato’s mentor was named _______.

According to Kant, doing something in expectation of a direct reward is an example of immediate _______.

According to Aristotle, generosity on a grand scale is the virtue known as _______.

Flag this Question

Question 21 pt

Socrates was sentenced to a year imprisonment for refusing to pay taxes.

True
False

 

Flag this Question

Question 31 pt

Socrates wrote many books covering a wide rage of philosophical topics, including ethics.

True
False

 

Flag this Question

Question 41 pt

According to Aristotle, since generosity is a virtue it is best to give without limits.

True
False

 

Flag this Question

Question 51 pt

Kant believed that what matters most is whether we achieve happiness, both for ourselves and for others.

True
False

 

Flag this Question

Question 61 pt

According to Mill, it is better to be a Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied.

True
False

 

Flag this Question

Question 71 pt

Which of the following is NOT one of the virtues discussed by Aristotle?

Generosity
Magnificence
Bravery
Honor

 

Flag this Question

Question 81 pt

Which of the following is NOT one of the four cases Kant used to demonstrate the use of the Categorical Imperative?

A man considering suicide
A man who wants to borrow money he cannot pay back
A man considering taking a life in self defense
A man who would rather not put the effort into developing his talents

 

Flag this Question

Question 91 pt

Who said this?

It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied.

 

Aristotle
Kant
Mill
None of the above

 

Flag this Question

Question 101 pt

Who said this?

Nothing in the world – or out of it! – can possibly be conceived that could be called “good” without quail except a good will.

Aristotle
Kant
Mill
None of the above

 

Flag this Question

Question 111 pt

Who said this?

I think therefore I am.

Aristotle
Kant
Mill
None of the above

 

Flag this Question

Question 125 pt

In one or two paragraphs, compare and contrast how you believe TWO of the three theorists covered this week (Aristotle, Kant, Mill) would have to say about the following scenario:

 

Suppose that four people find themselves in a lifeboat with just enough food and water to keep three of the four people alive until they reach safety. Also suppose that the boat can support the weight of four people, but since the weight of the supplies is roughly equal to the weight of a person, the boat will quickly sink. If they do nothing, all four people will drown. If they sacrifice the supplies, all four people will starve to death. Unless someone goes overboard, there is no chance of survival. Morally speaking, what should they do?

Type of paper Academic level Subject area
Number of pages Paper urgency Cost per page:
 Total: