1) (From the Republic Book VII) WHY SHOULD THE PHILOSOPHER RULE? EXPLAIN WHY SHE IS BEST SUITED TO RULE AND EXPLAIN WHY IT IS A DILEMMA FOR HER TO CHOOSE TO RULE. WHY DOES SHE HAVE TO BE COMPELLED AND WHAT IS THE NATURE OF THE COMPULSION? BE SURE TO COMMENT ON HOW THIS QUESTION IS RELATED TO THE ANSWER PLATO ATTEMPTS TO CONSTRUCT TO GLAUCON’S CHALLENGE?
2) From Book II of N.E. 1107a
�Excellence (Moral Virtue), then, is a state concerned with choice, lying in a mean relative to us, this being determined by reason and in the way in which the man of practical wisdom would determine it.� Explain each clause of Aristotle�s definition of a moral virtue: why is it a state (a disposition) and not an action; what is a mean relative to us; what is a man of practical wisdom, i.e, a role model?
3) (From the Nicomachean Ethics, Book 3, though Book 2 has to be read and understood) WHAT IS ARISTOTLE�S ACCOUNT OF VOLUNTARY ACTION? HOW DOES VOLUNTARY ACTION DIFFER FROM FORCED ACTION, INVOLUNTARY ACTION AND NON-VOLUNTARY ACTION? WHY IS THE DISCUSSION RELEVANT TO WHAT PRECEDES AND WHAT FOLLOWS, I.E., THE ACCOUNT OF VIRTUE AND THE ACCOUNT OF DELIBERATION?