Determine the company’s bid price if bids are based upon the total estimated manufacturing cost of a particular project, plus 75 percent.

Part 1

E 17. 15

Spear Custom Furniture uses an activity-based cost accounting system to apply overhead to production.

The company maintains four overhead cost pools. The four cost pools, and their budgeted

amounts for the upcoming period, are as follows:

Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $40,000

Materials handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20,000

Set-ups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,000

Quality control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45,000

Four cost drivers are used by Spear to allocate its overhead cost pools to production. The four cost

drivers, and their budgeted total levels of activity for the upcoming period, are shown below:

Machine hours (to allocate maintenance costs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600 hours

Material moves (to allocate materials handling costs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400 moves

Set-ups (to allocate set-up costs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 set-ups

Number of inspections (to allocate quality control costs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 inspections

The company has been asked by Cosmopolitan University to submit a bid for tables to be used in a

new computer lab. The plant manager feels that obtaining this job would result in new business in

future years. Estimates for the Cosmopolitan University project are as follows:

Direct materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $14,000

Direct labor (500 hours) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $15,000

Number of machine hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

Number of material moves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Number of set-ups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Number of inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

 

  1. Estimate the total cost of manufacturing the tables for Cosmopolitan University.
  2. Determine the company’s bid price if bids are based upon the total estimated manufacturing

cost of a particular project, plus 75 percent.

 

E18.10

Accessory World makes floor mats for the automobile industry. Finished sets of mats must pass

through two departments: Cutting and Coating. Large sheets of synthetic material are cut to size in

the Cutting Department and then transferred to the Coating Department, where each set is sprayed

with a chemical coating for improved durability. The following information pertains to May activity

in the Cutting Department:

Cost data:

Total cost of beginning inventory on May 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 44,800

Direct materials costs incurred in May. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200,000

Conversion costs incurred in May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87,200

 

Physical units data:

Units in process, May 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,000 sets

Units started in May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50,000 sets

Units in process, May 31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,000 sets

Percentage of completion data:

Direct materials, May 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100%

Conversion, May 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

Direct materials, May 31. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100%

Conversion, May 31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

  1. Prepare a schedule showing: (1) the number of mat sets transferred from the Cutting Department

to the Coating Department in May, and (2) the number of mat sets started and completed

by the Cutting Department in May.

  1. Compute the equivalent units of input resources for the Cutting Department in May.
  2. Compute the cost per equivalent unit of input resource for the Cutting Department in May.
  3. Prepare the summary journal entry required to transfer the cost of completed mat sets from the

Cutting Department to the Coating Department in May.

  1. Compute the total cost assigned to the Cutting Department’s ending inventory on May 31.

Write a 350-word paper that compares and contrasts the approaches to costing in E17.15 and E18.10.  Distinguish production procedures that match with process costing from those that correspond with job order costing. Additionally, explain how job order costing, when used in conjunction with activity-based costing, can contribute to the allocation of indirect costs

 

 

Part 2

 

Exercise 18.11 is an extension of Exercise 18.10.

EXERCISE 18.11 The following information pertains to May activity in Accessory World’s Coating Department:

Cost data:

Total cost of beginning inventory on May 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $45,300

Direct materials costs incurred in May. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11,925

Conversion costs incurred in May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84,525

Cut sets transferred in during May. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ?

Physical units data:

Units in process, May 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,000 sets

Units started in May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ? sets

Units in process, May 31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9,000 sets

Percentage of completion data:

Direct materials, May 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60%

Conversion, May 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

Cut sets transferred in, May 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ?

Direct materials, May 31. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70%

Conversion, May 31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90

Cut sets transferred in, May 31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ?

 

  1. Compute how many cut mat sets were started in the Coating Department during May.
  2. Prepare a schedule showing: (1) the number of mat sets transferred out of the Coating Department

in May, and (2) the number of mat sets started and completed by the Coating Department

in May.

  1. Compute the equivalent units of input resources for the Coating Department in May.
  2. Compute the cost per equivalent unit of input resource for the Coating Department in May.
  3. Prepare the summary journal entry required to transfer the cost of finished mat sets from the

Coating Department’s Work in Process Inventory to the company’s Finished Goods Inventory in

May.

  1. Compute the total cost assigned to the Coating Department’s ending inventory in process on

May 31.

 

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