demonstrates that the writer has failed to think independently, and it is unjust to writers who do honest work.

2. Essay (1500 words) – 40%

Students will be given essay questions on week 3. Many of the texts cited in the weekly ‘Further Readings’ will be useful in helping you compose your essay. Do not limit yourself to these texts, however, as your ability to identify relevant and appropriate resources will form part of the assessment criteria. Ensure you accurately reference all books and articles that you use in your analysis.

If you are unsure about any aspect of this assessment item, please consult your tutor for advice, and leave yourself plenty of time to act on this advice. This task will be discussed further in class and you will have an opportunity to ask questions. If you still do not understand what is required it is your responsibility to seek clarification from your tutor.

Syntax, spelling and general presentation will be taken into account in the awarding of grades for any written assessment. Students must also refer to the School of Humanities Style Manual for advice on referencing, as well as on grammar and essay-writing conventions. Your essay should be submitted in the Transnational Migration assignment box in the foyer of building 5. This item of assessment is due at 4pm on Wednesday

Other assessment criteria:

1. Relevance: The content of your essay should be relevant to the case study you’ve selected. Don’t include material not directly related to it.

2. Well-informed: Your essay should be well-informed. Read as widely as possible. As a rule of thumb, an essay should cite at least 10 academic sources.
NB: Websites are not appropriate sources for a university essay. Do not use them!

3. Your own thinking and your own words: Familiarity with the literature is essential but not sufficient. Your essay must be based on your own thinking. Only a minor part should be direct quotations or material that is merely a modified or condensed version of another author’s work. Extensive quotation or paraphrase is not acceptable, as it doesn’t evidence your thinking about your reading.

4. Organisation: Your essay should be constructed in a way that shows the logical steps in your argument, with data from various sources being brought in as appropriate. Remember that paragraphs are the organisational ‘building blocks’ of an essay and that each paragraph should have a main idea or theme. Good organisation can only be achieved by careful planning and frequent re-reading and revision of your writing as you proceed. Authors who haven’t taken the trouble to review and revise their essays before submitting seldom succeed.

5. A balance between abstraction and concreteness: Avoid the extremes of getting bogged down in masses of factual detail or of floating off into realms of pure abstraction. The essential point of writing an essay is to grapple with the relation between theories and facts — to think about how best to understand the facts.

6. Referencing: Never quote or use an author’s work in any way without acknowledging it. You must always indicate where in the literature you obtained the facts, concepts and points of view which you discuss in your essay. When quoting an author verbatim always show this with quotation marks and a citation. You must also indicate where a summary of someone else’s work or ideas ends and your own discussion is resumed.

7. Plagiarism: To quote or paraphrase another person’s work without acknowledgment is plagiarism, i.e. the presentation of the words and ideas of another writer as your own. Plagiarism demonstrates that the writer has failed to think independently, and it is unjust to writers who do honest work. Students submitting plagiarised work may fail the course.


You May Not Use Sources from the Internet (including Wikipedia) or Dictionary Definitions for your essay!

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