Define a CGU. Explain why impairment testing requires the use of CGUs, rather than being based on single assets.

Q1. Driver Ltd signs a five year lease agreement with Bakewell Ltd on 1st July 2019. The lease is for new equipment which has at the star of the lease a fair value of $341,755. The equipment is estimated to have a useful life of seven years with no residual value at the end of that time. Driver Ltd has a bargain purchase option which can be taken up at the end of the lease term for $68,000. The equipment originally cost Bakewell Ltd $272,000. There are five annual lease payments of $85,000 starting on 30th June 2020. Within the $85,000 is an executory payment for insurance, repairs and maintenance of $8,500. A straight-line basis of depreciation has been adopted for the equipment. The rate of interest implicit in the lease is 9 per cent.


Prepare the Journal entries for the years ending 30 June 2020 and 30 June 2021 in the books of:

(a) Bakewell Ltd and  (b) Driver Ltd.                   (13 marks) Q2. Ewe Beudie Ltd is an Australian company. The functional currency of Ewe Beudie Ltd is the Australian dollar. It prepares financial reports half yearly and in the year ended 30 June 2017, Ewe Beudie Ltd had the following foreign currency transactions in Euros (€): (a) On 13th September 2016 Ewe Beudie Ltd ordered machinery €900,000 from a French company under a FOB destination contract. On 10th October 2016, the machinery was delivered. On 17th February 2017, the invoice for the purchase was paid. (b) On 2nd December 2016 Ewe Beudie Ltd sold inventory to an Italian customer for the agreed price of €650,000. The inventory had a cost of $420,000. On 24th February 2017, the invoice was paid by the customer. (c) On 1 July 2016, Ewe Beudie Ltd made an interest free loan to an Irish company, Ninety Craic Ltd, for €1,200,000. The term of the loan is 5 years.

Applicable exchange rates are as follows:  1 st July 2016 €1 = A$1.24   13th September 2016 €1 = A$1.12   10th October 2016 €1 = A$1.18   2 nd December 2016 €1 = A$1.27   31st December 2016 €1 = A$1.22   17th February 2017 €1 = A$1.20   24th February 2017 €1 = A$1.15   30 June 2017 €1 = A$1.26

Required In accordance with AASB 121, prepare the entries of Ewe Beudie Ltd for the half year to 31 December 2016 and the full year to 30 June 2017. .      (11 marks)

CDU Business School  Semester 2, 2016 Page 3 of 5 Faculty of Law, Education, Business and Arts

Q3. The Northern Plastic Extrusion Company Limited bought a 3D printer on 1 July 2016 for $49,750 for cash. The cost of transporting the machine from Melbourne to Darwin was $4,000. Once the machine was delivered it was installed and calibrated. This cost $1,250. The transport and calibration costs were paid on 2nd and the 6th July respectively.

The production manager estimated that the machine would have a useful life of 10 years and that at the end of that time it would be worth $2,250.

The company depreciates all of its equipment using the straight-line method. All depreciation calculations are measured to the nearest month. The financial year ends on the 30th June.

At the start of July 2017, in a review of the non-current assets, the chief financial officer was informed by the production manager that, because of recent technological advances, the company should revise the total useful life of the 3D printer from an original of 10 years to a remaining life of 5 years, and that the expected scrap value should be revised downwards to $1,505. These adjustments were implemented in the depreciation charge for the year to 30th June 2018.

The company decided to move from the cost model to the revaluation model for equipment on 30 June 2018. An external valuer was employed to conduct the valuation and the 3D printer was given a fair value of $43,000 at that date.

On 30 June 2019, depreciation for the year was charged and the 3D printer’s carrying amount was revalued to a fair value of $27,121.

The 3D printer was sold for $10,500 cash on 30th September 2019.

Required (Show all workings and round amounts to the nearest dollar.) Prepare general journal entries to record the transactions and events for the period 1 July 2016 to 30 September 2019. (ignore taxation)  (13 marks)

Q4. During a review of the financial statements of Firebrand Ltd the following information has come to your notice for the year ended 30 June 2016:

1. The Northern Territory Environmental Protection Agency (NTEPA) has been investigating an alleged release of toxic chemicals into the Francis Bay Mooring Basin at the beginning of June 2016. An investigator visited the Duck Pond to establish whether the company was responsible for the leak.  The NTEPA report was handed down on 12th August 2016 which determined that Firebrand Ltd was responsible for the chemical release and required that the company pay damages totalling $1,750,000. 2. On 14 July 2016 it was discovered that a customer had been delivered goods on 26th June 2016 which proved to be faulty. Consequently Firebrand Ltd authorised the issue of credit notes worth $43,000. 3.  The company secretary received notice during September 2016 that a major customer had gone into liquidation. This customer, Torches Ltd, owed Firebrand Ltd $152,000 at 30th June 2016. At a subsequent meeting the liquidator informed unsecured creditors that at best they could receive a distribution of 15 cents in the dollar. Torches Ltd’s factory and warehouse were destroyed by a fire in July 2016 and as the insurance policy had lapsed the damage was not covered by insurance.

Assume all events or transactions are material.

Required In relation to the above events or transactions, prepare the necessary disclosure notes or general journal entries to comply with applicable accounting standards and give reasons for your decisions.

(6 marks)

CDU Business School  Semester 2, 2016 Page 4 of 5 Faculty of Law, Education, Business and Arts

Q5. The Beaufort Dairy Company Ltd has run for many years dairy farms in Victoria. In addition to the farms it has vertically integrated by purchasing factories that produce milk products. These products are then are further developed in other factories owned by the company by producing high grade yoghurts.

The chief financial officer for the company has asked your advice on how AASB 136 Impairment of Assets, should be applied to the company’s various activities. In particular she wishes to correctly identify the cash-generating units (CGUs) for the company.

One issue is whether the milk production section is a separate CGU even though the company does not sell milk directly to other entities but uses the products within its own vertically integrated structure or should it should be included in the milk-based products CGU.


Write a business report to the chief financial officer of The Beaufort Dairy Company Ltd, including the following: 1. Define a CGU. 2. Explain why impairment testing requires the use of CGUs, rather than being based on single assets. 3. Explain the factors that the chief financial officer should consider in determining the CGUs for The Beaufort Dairy Company Ltd. 4. Pay particular attention to referencing your advice to the relevant paragraphs of the accounting standard.                     (15 marks)


Over the Horizon Ltd Statement of Financial Position As at 30th June  2016 2015  $ $ $ $ Assets     Petty cash 500 250 Cash at bank 38,250 30,250 Bank bills 15,000 12,500 Accounts receivable 159,250 128,700 Allowance for doubtful debts  (14,250) 145,000 (8,700) 120,000 Inventory 88,500 93,250 Motor vehicles 63,000 52,500 Acc. depn – motor vehicles  (16,000) 47,000 (12,500) 40,000 Office furniture 23,000 20,000 Acc. depn – office furniture  (10,500) 12,500   (9,500)   10,500 Total assets 346,750 306,750 Liabilities  Accounts payable 59,000 56,250 Current tax liability 5,250 4,000 Equity  Share capital 245,000 206,250 Retained earnings 37,500   40,250 Total liabilities and equity 346,750 306,750

CDU Business School  Semester 2, 2016 Page 5 of 5 Faculty of Law, Education, Business and Arts

From the above information of Over the Horizon Ltd, prepare a statement of cash flows for the year ended 30 June 2016 using the direct method. Include a note reconciling the cash and cash equivalents and also a note reconciling the net cash from operating activities with the profit.          (17 marks)

Q7. In Note ii (p. 93) of the Qantas Annual Report 2016 it states:

ii. Foreign Operations The assets and liabilities of foreign operations, including goodwill and fair value adjustments arising on acquisition, are translated into Australian Dollars at the exchange rates at the reporting date. The income and expenses of foreign operations are translated into Australian Dollars at the exchange rates at the date of the transactions.

Foreign currency differences are recognised in the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income and accumulated in the Foreign Currency Translation Reserve….

Required Explain this note to a reader of the Qantas report. Your explanation take the form of a short business report dealing with all the elements of a set of financial statements, including the component parts of equity, together with description of why foreign exchange differences arise.                (16 marks)


From the following link download the Pacific Brands Annual Report for 2015‐Annual‐Report.pdf

Look at the Note 12 to the Financial Statements for Intangible Assets and Impairment.  This is on pages 64 & 65 of the report. If you are printing it will be on pages 66 & 67 of the pdf.

Required A Using AASB 138 and AASB3 explain how the brand names were recognised and measured as assets. B What can you deduce from the fact that the carrying amounts for the brand names of Underwear – key brands and Sheridan are the same in 2015 and 2014?     (9 marks)

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