Discuss the experiments conducted by Mendel. (1) Provide a general overview of Mendel’s experiment. (2) What was the organism that Mendel studied (provide the genus and species name as well as the common name)? (3) Why was this organism ideal to study the law of independent assortment? (4) List one dominant and one recessive example for a phenotype that Mendel found and describe the phenotypic ratio expected to result from crossing two parents heterozygous for only that trait.